A Toolkit for Children with Challenging Behaviours in the Child Care Setting
This tool kit has been developed in response to growing concerns from the Toronto child care community about the challenges of providing care for children displaying extreme aggressive behaviour, in School Age programs. A working group was established to discuss strategies to address this issue.
The group consisted of staff from Toronto Children’s Services, including both the Municipal Child Care Services and Special Services Unit, working in collaboration with staff from Community Living Toronto.
The plan was to address the specific concerns in the quadrant and to create a pilot that other centers facing similar issues could model. It was decided that a “Common Practice” tool kit would be developed to focus on all aspects of the problems and to provide possible solutions. The group met over the course of six months to formulate additional strategies.
We recognize that not all challenges and possible solutions can be addressed in this document. We focused on the process. During the course of this project we felt that deciding which strategies to use is as important as determining the strategy itself. It is hoped that the steps provided will help to address challenges at the individual center level.
- The Power of Observation
- Observation Sheet
- Individual Observations
- Parent/Staff Observations
- Creating a Behavioural Support Plan
- Behaviour Support Plan
- How to Use The ABC Functional Assessment Card
- ABC Functional Assessment chart
- Behaviour Log/ABC Data Recording Chart
- Weekly Program Adaptation Sheet
- Weekly Adaptation Glossary
- Why Does he do That: workshop
- Planning for Change: workshop
- Facts About Behaviour
- Checklist of Positive Behaviour Management Strategies
- Changing Angry Behaviour
- Identifying Classroom Stressors Checklist
- connections with school programs and other service providers
- behaviour programming developed and actively in place (e.g. social skills programs)
- adjunctive services which include the provision of medical and therapeutic services for the child. Associated professionals may provide specific training to parents and staff
- team building information
- more intensive training for staff
- alternative community resourcing (in-home supports, private consultation options, etc.)
- re-visiting medical work with family
- Any significant changes that have occurred within the home environment or other familial changes that would impact upon the child.
Workshops and Training AvailableBuilding Friendships Program Brochure The Building Friendships Program offers Early Childhood Educators an opportunity to develop and enhance their teaching skills through a unique and supportive learning program. Early Childhood Educators (ECE’s) will learn the skills needed to teach children how to play cooperatively and build a lasting social foundation that will benefit them throughout their life. Anger Management Program kit The six session Anger Management program originated from a commitment to helping children (from the ages of two and half years and up) begin to build a foundation for understanding anger and incorporate strategies to deal with feelings of anger in their everyday lives. Although at the present this program has been used with Early Childhood Educators and children in child care, home providers and parents could also implement the program (or individual strategies from the sessions). SNAP- STOP NOW AND PLAN http://www.childdevelop.ca SNAP stands for STOP NOW AND PLAN. It is a cognitive-behavioural strategy that helps children and parents regulate angry feelings by getting them to stop, think, and plan positive alternatives before they act impulsively. For Goodness Sake For Goodness Sake is a six week program, in which the participants are guided and informed by the interactive CD. For Goodness Sake is based on these principles:
- In their early years, children do not intentionally misbehave. They react to situations based on the skills they have at their disposal.
- If a child is using challenging or aggressive behaviour, it is not to hurt others or to be difficult for parents and teachers. He or she simply needs to learn new, more appropriate ways to deal with situations.
- Referrals to medical teams including psychiatry (full medical investigations)
- More intensive in-home types of support
- Co-ordination of duties and or clarification of family needs (e.g. intensive short-term or long-term management)
- Medication – awareness of centre policies/procedures
- Serious Occurrence Policies/Procedures
- SNAG: Special Needs Access Group referral form
- Emergency beds for children at hospitals